About UPSC

The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a National level competitive examination in India, conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India.

Civil Service Examination Pattern

The pattern of Civil services examination has been designed to test the academic expertise of a candidate and that candidate’s ability to present himself/herself in a systematic and coherent manner. The examination pattern intends to assess the overall intellectual traits and understanding level of the candidates.

The UPSC Civil Services Exam is conducted in two stages namely, Prelims and Mains, which are then followed by an interview.

Scheme and subjects for the Preliminary and Main Examinations are as follows:

1. Preliminary Examination (400 Marks)

(This is also called Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) and is a common test for all applicants)

  • The Prelims consists of two papers of 200 marks each
  • Both the question papers are of the objective type (multiple choice questions) of two hours each
  • The question papers will be set in both Hindi and English. However, questions related to English Language Comprehension skills would be provided only in English.
  • Blind candidates would be allowed an extra 20 minutes of time for each paper

2. Main Examination (2025 Marks)

  • Candidates who qualify Preliminary exam are called for the Main exam and on the basis of marks secured in the Main exam, they will be called for Interview
  • The total marks of the Main exam and Interview sum up to produce the final result

The written examination consists of the following papers:



Total Marks

Paper A

One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution


Paper B




Papers to be counted for Merit (Ranking)


Paper I



Paper II

General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)


Paper III

General Studies-II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations)


Paper IV

General Studies-III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)


Paper V

General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)


Paper VI

Optional Subject-Paper 1


Paper VII

Optional Subject-Paper 2



Sub Total (Written Test)



Personality Test



Grand Total


Type of Exam

There are various civil services exams are conducted by UPSC in India as listed below.

IAS (Indian Administrative Service)


IPS (Indian Police Service)


IRS (Indian Revenue Service)

IP&TAFS (Indian Post & Telecommunication Accounts and Finance Service)

IFS-Foreign (Indian Foreign Service)

IFS-Forest (Indian Forest Service)

IAAS (Indian Audit and Accounts Service)

IDAS (Indian Defence Accounts Service)

CMS (Combined Medical Services)

IRAS (Indian Railway Accounts Service)

IRTS (Indian Railway Traffic Service)

IRPS (Indian Railway Personnel Service)

ITS (Indian Trade Service)

CAPF – AC (Central Armed Police Forces -Assistant Commandants)

CGGE (Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist)

IES/ISS (Indian Economic Service and Indian Statistical Service)

NDA & NA (I) and (II) – National Defence Academy & Naval Academy (I) and (II)

CDS (I) and (II) – Combined Defence Services (I) and (II)

IES (Indian Engineering Services)

CISF – AC (Exe) LDCE (Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) – Assistant Commandants (Executive) LDCE)